Some Major City-County Consolidation Referenda in the 20th Century
Year City County State Result
1902 Denver Denver County Colorado Pass
1907 Honolulu Honolulu County n/a Pass
1921 Oakland Alameda County Califronia Fail
1924 Butte Silver Bow County Montana Fail
1926 St. Louis St. Louis County Missouri Fail
1929 Pittsburgh Allegheny County Pennsylvania Fail
1932 Various Rivalli County Montana Fail
1933 Macon Bibb County Georgia Fail
1935 Jacksonville Duval County Florida Fail
1947 Baton Rouge East Baton Rouge Parish Louisiana Pass
1948 Birmingham Jefferson County Alabama Fail
1948 Miami Dade County  Florida Fail
1950 Hampton/Newport News Elizabeth City County Virginia Fail
1952 Hampton/Newport News Elizabeth City County Virginia Pass
1953 Miami Dade County  Florida Fail
1954 Albany Dougherty County Georgia Fail
1957 Newport News Warwick County Virginia Pass
1958 Nashville Davidson County Tennessee Fail
1959 Albuquerque  Bernalillo County New Mexico Fail
1959 Knoxville Knox County Tennessee Fail
1960 Macon Bibb County Georgia Fail
1961 Durham Durham County North Carolina Fail
1961 Richmond Henrico County Virginia Fail
1962 Columbus  Muscogee County Georgia Fail
1962 Memphis Shelby County Missouri Fail
1962 Nashville Davidson County Tennessee Pass
1962 South Norfolk Norfolk County Virginia Pass
1962 St. Louis St. Louis County Missouri Fail
1962 Virginia Beach Princess Anne County Virginia Pass
1964 Chatanooga Hamilton County Tennessee Fail
1967 Jacksonville Duval County Florida Pass
1967 Tampa Hillsborough County Florida Fail
1969 Athens Clarke County Georgia Fail
1969 Brunswick Glynn County Georgia Fail
1969 Carson City Ormsby County Nevada Fail
1969 Indianapolis Marion County  Indiana *
1969 Juneau Greater Juneau County  Alaska Pass
1970 Anchorage Greater Anchorage Borough Alaska Fail
1970 Chatanooga Hamilton County Tennessee Fail
1970 Columbus  Muscogee County Georgia Pass
1970 Juneau Greater Juneau Borough Alaska Pass
1970 Pensacola Escambia County Florida Fail
1970 Tampa Hillsborough County Florida Fail
1970 Winchester Frederick County Virginia Fail
1971 Anchorage Greater Anchorage Borough Alaska Fail
1971 Charlotte  Mecklenberg North Carolina Fail
1971 Sitka Greater Sitka Borough Alaska Pass
1971 Tallahassee Leon County Florida Fail
1971 Tampa Hillsborough County Florida Fail
1971 Various Namsemond Virginia Pass
1972 Columbia Richland County Virginia Fail
1972 Fort Pierce St. Lucie County Florida Fail
1972 Lexington Fayette County  Kentucky Pass
1972 Athens Clarke County Georgia Fail
1972 Suffolk Namsemond City-County Virginia Pass
1972 Tampa Hillsborough County Florida Fail
1973 Albuquerque  Bernalillo County New Mexico Fail
1973 Savannah Chatham County Georgia Fail
1973 Tallahassee Leon County Florida Fail
1973 Wilmington New Hanover County North Carolina Fail
1974 Augusta Richmond Georgia Fail
1974 Durham Durham County North Carolina Fail
1974 Portland Multnomah County Oregon Fail
1974 Sacramento Sacramento County California Fail
1975 Anchorage Greater Anchorage County  Alaska Pass
1976 Augusta Richmond Georgia Fail
1976 Anaconda Deer Lodge County  Montana Pass
1976 Butte Silver Bow County  Montana Pass
1981 Houma Terrebonne Louisiana Pass
1982 Athens Clarke Georgia Fail
1982 Louisville Jefferson Kentucky Fail
1984 Houma Terrebonne Parish  Louisiana Pass
1987 Brunswick Glynn County Georgia Fail
1987 Wilmington New Hanover County  North Carolina Fail
1988 Augusta Richmond Georgia **
1988 Lynchburg City Moore County Tennessee Pass
1991 Conyers Rockdale County Georgia Fail
1990 Athens  Clarke County Georgia Pass
1990 Bowling Green Warren County Kentucky Fail
1990 Gainesville Alachua County Florida Fail
1990 Owensboro Davis County Kentucky Fail
1990 Roanoke Roanoke County Virginia Fail
1990 Sacramento Sacramento County California Fail
1991 Griffin/Spalding Spalding County Georgia Fail
1992 Ashland and Catlettsburg Boyd County Kentucky Fail
1992 Lafayette Lafayette Parish Louisiana Pass
1994 Des Moines Polk County Iowa Fail
1994 Douglasville Douglas County Georgia Fail
1994 Metter Candler County Georgia Fail
1995 Augusta Richmond County  Georgia Pass
1995 Spokane Spokane County Washinton Fail
1995 Wilmington New Hanover County  North Carolina Fail
1997 Griffin Spalding County Georgia Fail
1997 Kansas City Wyandotte County Kansas Pass
1999
Hawkinsville
Pulaski County
Georgia Fail
2003 Louisville Jefferson County Kentucky Pass
2004 Desmoines Polk County Iowa Forthcoming (Nov. 2004)
* Consolidation did not require referendum.
** Referendum passed but was blocked by  Justice Deparment